After an initial academic career as a macroeconomist specialising in large-scale models, Paul was a senior figure at the Bank of England for 26 years, retiring in July 2016. He was a member of the Monetary Policy Committee for five years, the interim Financial Policy Committee for two years and the PRA Board for six months. Paul was also responsible in latter years for co-ordinating the Bank’s work on climate change. Since July 2016, he has also been a Senior Associate/Fellow at the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership (CISL), where he works on issues around climate change and the financial sector in a pro bono capacity. CISL successfully nominated him to be a member of the EU High-Level Experts Group on Sustainable Finance from Jan 2017 - Jan 2018; the UK Green Finance Task Force from Sept 2017 - Mar 2018; and also as vice-chair of the CISL-supported Banking Environment Initiative.